Economic and political instability, and fighting have profoundly affected the Ukraine’s more than 350,000 Jews. Even prior to the conflict, the Federation system and its partners routinely helped 70,000 impoverished Jewish children and elderly meet their basic needs. But those needs have multiplied. Cities in eastern Ukraine have become combat zones. Jews in Donetsk, Lugansk and the surrounding areas have either fled the region or remain trapped, cut off from the rest of the country. For the first time since World War II, Jews in Europe are displaced. Through the Ukraine Assistance Fund, the Jewish Federations of North America is spearheading efforts to raise funds for food, medicine, medical care and shelter and to facilitate aliyah for those who want to relocate.